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PRONATION
GUIDE

FINDING THE RIGHT SHOE FOR YOU
AND YOUR FOOT TYPE

Finding a running shoe that is specifically designed for your foot type gives you the best chance for a comfortable run.

At ASICS, we build shoes for two different foot types: neutral feet (i.e. cushioning shoes) and feet that need support (i.e. pronated feet).

Below we provide you some assistance to find the most appropriate shoe for your individual needs and budget.


What is pronation?

Pronation is a natural movement of the foot that has traditionally been used to prescribe footwear. Pronation refers to the way your foot rolls inward for impact distribution upon landing. It’s part of the natural movement of the human body but it differs from person to person. As your foot strikes the ground it rolls inward to absorb the shock. As it does this the arch of your foot supports, on average, three times your body weight.

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Under Pronator

How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: outer side of the heel hits the ground at an increased angle with little or no normal pronation, causing a large transmission of shock through the lower leg.

Push Off: pressure on smaller toes on outside of foot.

Injuries: plantar fasciitis, shin splints, ankle strain.

Foot type: high arches.

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Over Pronators

How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: foot lands on outside of heel, then rolls inward (pronates) excessively, transferring weight to inner edge instead of ball of the foot

Push Off: big toe and second toe do majority of the work

Injuries: shin splints, plantar fasciitis, bunions, heel spurs

Foot Type: low arches or flat feet

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Neutral

How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: foot lands on outside of the heel, then rolls inward (pronates) to absorb shock and support body weight

Push Off: even distribution from the front of the foot.

Injuries: less likely due to effective shock absorption, but neutral runners are not immune to injury.

Foot Type: normal-size arches

How to determine your pronation type

How to determine your pronation type
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What is considered a neutral foot type?

How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: A neutral foot lands on the outside of the heel, rolls inward (pronates) to absorb shock and support body weight. Their foot does not collapse in and is well supported during gait.

Push Off: more even distribution from the front of the foot.

Injuries: less likely due to effective shock absorption, but neutral runners are not immune to injury.

Foot Type: normal-size arches

Neutral, cushioned runners, as well as those who supinate and require added cushioning, have a large range of shoes available to them at different price points. 

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What is considered a pronated foot type?

How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: A pronated foot is characterized by a flat arch and a foot that rapidly rolls in when it hits the ground. This transfers a lot of your weight to the inside of the foot.

Push Off: big toe and second toe do majority of the work

Injuries: shin splints, plantar fasciitis, bunions, heel spurs

Foot Type: low arches or flat feet

    For those runners who are severe pronators and need maximum support in a running shoe.