Pronation GuideWhat Is Pronation, and Why Does
Pronation is part of the natural movement of the human body and refers to the way your foot rolls inward for impact distribution upon landing. Understanding your pronation type can help you find a comfortable running shoe.
How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: outer side of the heel hits the ground at an increased angle with little or no normal pronation, causing a large transmission of shock through the lower leg.
Push Off: pressure on smaller toes on outside of foot.
Injuries: plantar fasciitis, shin splints, ankle strain.
Foot type: high arches.
How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: foot lands on outside of the heel, then rolls inward (pronates) to absorb shock and support body weight
Push Off: even distribution from the front of the foot.
Injuries: less likely due to effective shock absorption, but neutral runners are not immune to injury.
Foot Type: normal-size arches
How Your Foot Contacts the Ground: foot lands on outside of heel, then rolls inward (pronates) excessively, transferring weight to inner edge instead of ball of the foot
Push Off: big toe and second toe do majority of the work
Injuries: shin splints, plantar fasciitis, bunions, heel spurs
Foot Type: low arches or flat feet
Video Gait Analysis
A video is taken of a runner's feet while running on a treadmill. The video footage is slowed down and analyzed in detail by an ASICS professional, expert at a specialty running store, podiatrist, or physical therapist, who will explain your running type and help you select the right pair of running shoes.
3D Foot Mapping
The most advanced version of video gait analysis is 3D foot mapping, which, in addition to video, uses both lasers and micro cameras to create a highly detailed 3D image of the foot. A range of information is obtained from the scan, such as arch height and alignment of the Achilles with the leg. This is used to determine the right running shoe and provide additional insight into what may be causing recurrent injuries. 3D foot mapping is unique to ASICS and available to customers via ASICS Running Clinics or the ASICS London store, which is the only store that has the 3D foot mapping equipment in permanent residence.
Visit an ASICS Store for Expert Guidance
Receive individual product advice at one of our running stores. Trained staff members will be happy to assist you with fitting and diagnostic services. Click here to book your complimentary gait analysis or 3D foot mapping instore.
Wear patterns won't provide the full picture of gait analysis, but they can give additional clues about the impact on your feet. This can give you an idea of where you may need extra support and cushioning in your running shoes.
Once you understand your pronation type, you can find a shoe with the optimal amount of support and cushioning.
Cushioned Running Shoes
As supinators (also called under-pronators) tend to be susceptible to shock-related injuries like stress fractures, you should choose a neutral running shoe with plenty of cushioning, for example, the GEL-Nimbus®.
Neutral running shoes
When you have a normal pronation pattern you can run in a wide variety of shoes, but specialized neutral running shoes offering cushioning and support are most suitable. The GEL-Nimbus® and GEL-Cumulus® are the leading cushioning models for neutral runners.
Stability Running Shoes
Overpronators need maximum support, structured cushioning, and stability. The GEL-Kayano® and GT-2000® are our leading structured cushioning shoe.